Vietnam/Conservation of biodiversity for sustainable development
Vietnam is facing a rapid decline in biodiversity, as well as other major challenges such as environmental pollution, land degradation, plastic pollution in the oceans and other negative impacts of climate change.
Vietnam is ranked 16th among the countries with the highest biodiversity in the world. However, it is facing a rapid decline in biodiversity, as well as other major challenges such as environmental pollution, land degradation, plastic pollution in the oceans and other negative impacts of climate change.
Indeed, about 21% of mammals, 6.5% of birds, 19% of reptiles, 24% of amphibians, 38% of fish and 2.5% of vascular plants are threatened. In the last 20 years, about 2.8 million hectares of natural forests have been lost due to conversion to other commercial crops.
At the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in late 2022, Vietnam and more than 190 member countries adopted the Kunming Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) in Montreal.
In response to the International Day for Biological Diversity in 2023, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment issued a document dated May 11, 2023 on organizing activities on this occasion.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment recommended strengthening communication, awareness of biodiversity and the role of biodiversity in sustainable development. It also called for changing behaviors and promoting a lifestyle in harmony with nature, not hunting or using products derived from wild animals ...
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment also recommended to continue to strengthen the conservation activities of wild migratory birds, to accelerate the implementation of programs and plans for the restoration of degraded natural ecosystems ...
The National Strategy on Biodiversity to 2050 calls for an increase in the area of protected and restored natural ecosystems by 2030, forThe National Biodiversity Strategy 2050 foresees increasing the area of protected and restored natural ecosystems by 2030, ensuring sustainable conservation and use of biodiversity in order to contribute to socio-economic development in the sense of a green economy, proactively adapting to climate change.
The Strategy defines a number of key tasks such as strengthening biodiversity conservation and restoration, conserving and restoring threatened wildlife, strengthening the conservation of genetic resources, promoting the benefits of biodiversity for sustainable development, monitoring activities that contribute to the conservation of biodiversity, and promoting the use of biodiversity for sustainable development.development, controlling activities that have a negative impact on biodiversity, improving the effectiveness of natural heritage management, consolidating and expanding natural areas of national and international importance...