Federal, regional, unitary state... Political structures in Europe

The structure of states, which distributes the exercise of political power over their national territories, varies greatly from one European country to another. While there is a general trend towards decentralisation, federal models remain the exception within the Union.

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France/"Elected officials, managers and public servants must be trained in the ecological transition"

In an article, Sébastien Maire, delegate of France Ville durable, expresses himself on the need to train managers, agents and elected officials on the challenges of the ecological transition.

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Education: Teaching children in the language they know and speak helps them learn, says World Bank

According to the global report "Learning to Achieve the Promise of Education", millions of children around the world struggle to learn in school. Among them, 53% of children in low- and middle-income countries are unable to read and understand simple text by the age of 10. This learning poverty is due, according to a new World Bank report, to the fact that they are being taught in a language they do not know or speak. This lack of understanding of the language of instruction leads to higher dropout rates, high repetition rates and lower overall learning achievement, the report says.

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France/Paris is twinned with only one city, Rome

"Solo Parigi è degna di Roma, solo Roma è degna di Parigi" (Only Paris is worthy of Rome; only Rome is worthy of Paris). This is the motto of the twinning between the two cities. Explanations.

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THE LESSON FROM SOUTH AFRICA'' Column by Emmanuel ARGO

On July 14, France, the country of human rights, commemorated the major event that would initiate our republic. During the concert that preceded the fireworks, the South African singer Pretty Yendi sang the most famous opera arias. At the same time, looting and riots with victims - more than 117 to date - were spreading in South Africa, undermining the fragile peace that Nelson Mandela liked to encourage when he said: "Together we stand, divided we fall", and succeeded in building on the rubble of a past bloodied by the violence of apartheid.

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France/Three financial tools to know: to develop local communities

Here are three financial tools to know, intended to help local authorities to develop. These grants are called the Local Investment Support Grant (DSIL), the Rural Territories Equipment Grant (DETR) and the National Fund for Territorial Development (FNADT). These three State mechanisms regularly contribute to supporting projects in the territories. Still not well known, they are aimed primarily at municipalities, mixed unions and public establishments of inter-communal cooperation.

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France/Impact of the health crisis on local authorities

Even if their debt increased by 5.3 billion euros in 2020, local authorities have resisted the crisis rather well, says the Court of Auditors in a report published on Wednesday 30 June. However, this report hides heterogeneous situations.

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Cameroon/ A mobile home to allow young people to have fun

After living for many years in France, Déborah Item has launched her own multifunctional mobile home. Currently living in Denmark, the woman from Cameroon wants to follow through with her initiative by making herself useful to her population.

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France/Local authorities: conquering major sports events

The Tour de France in Brittany is a major event for the municipalities it passes through, which expect positive spin-offs. The same fervour can be observed with the prospect of France hosting the Olympic Games in 2024.

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France/Citizens and communities on the road to sustainable development

Getting involved in sustainable development in your city is becoming easier and easier thanks to the increasing number of citizen tools... And this is a good thing since the transition also relies on local actors (local authorities, associations, companies, citizens...). So how can you make the lines move in your city?

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France/Covid school dropouts: the essential role of local missions and communities

Every year 60,000 minors leave the school system without qualifications and find themselves without training or employment. Those involved in professional integration fear that this figure will rise because of the health crisis.

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France/Digital archiving, the great challenge for local authorities

In the era of dematerialization, the issue of archiving in communities creates new challenges for agents and organizations. What processes to put in place? What tools to use? How to protect electronic archives? Two experts answered your questions during the 4th Assises de la dématérialisation, organised by La Gazette des communes.

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Opting for broader interregional cooperation

The consequences of the Covid 19 pandemic on the slowdown of international trade encourage us to look at the synergy of regional potential and inter-regional cooperation as possible solutions for a balanced economic and societal development of our territories.

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France/To bring back the tourists, some departments bet on discounts or vouchers

Somme, Haute-Garonne, Drôme... Some departments offer to reimburse part of the cost of accommodation or offer vouchers valid in local restaurants to boost tourist numbers. Tour de France.

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Africa/Local authorities: Africans rethink the cultural economy

The Institute of African Studies of Mohammed V University in Rabat in partnership with United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) of Africa, an organization representing local authorities in Africa, organized on Tuesday, May 25, 2021, a seminar on the occasion of the celebration of Africa Day, under the theme: "Cultural and Creative Economy, a lever for sustainable development".

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France/Covid-19: Lack of anticipation the main challenge for local authorities, according to a study

Lack of foresight and anticipation in the face of an unprecedented situation and lack of protective equipment were the main challenges for local authorities during the first containment due to the Covid outbreak, according to a study on the impact of the crisis.

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Working together, a methodology of action at the service of all

Two years ago, GRET initiated a reflection to develop and formulate a "commons approach" aimed at supporting local actors in the construction of shared governance methods. Here is a look back at an enriching collective experience.

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France/Reopening of cultural venues, a general and progressive system

From Wednesday 19 May, all cultural venues will be able to reopen their doors to the public. Here is an update on the system.

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Togo: New tax revenue distribution key in the era of decentralization

The Togolese government has adopted by decree, a distribution key of tax revenues and service revenues among its various local authorities.

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France/Interactions of agricultural models: towards a new vision of territorial development

How do the different agricultural models interact with each other? What is the impact of these interactions on territorial development? These are the central questions of Coexistence and confrontation of agricultural and food models, a new paradigm of territorial development? In this book written by several authors, specialists in food systems and territorial evolution invite us to observe territorial development from another angle and to invent more sustainable governance. This is an important point of view in the run-up to the United Nations Summit on Food Systems in September.

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